What is NIS2?

Haseeb Awan
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January 23, 2024
Modified On
January 23, 2024

What is the NIS2 Directive?

The NIS2 Directive is an updated European Union regulation focused on improving cybersecurity across member states. It expands on the original Network and Information Systems (NIS) Directive by covering a broader range of sectors and digital services, including essential and important entities like energy, transport, banking, and digital infrastructure. The directive aims to boost overall cybersecurity preparedness, improve national authorities' ability to respond to cyber threats, and foster a culture of security awareness. Additionally, it mandates stricter supervisory measures, reporting obligations, and enhanced security requirements for companies in critical sectors, ensuring a higher level of security across the EU.

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When Does NIS2 Come into Effect?

The NIS2 Directive, a key piece of European cybersecurity legislation, officially entered into force on January 16, 2023. However, the deadline for EU Member States to incorporate the NIS2 Directive into their national law is October 17, 2024. This date is crucial for businesses and organizations within the EU, as they must be compliant with the directive's requirements by then. Failure to comply could result in significant consequences, including financial penalties and reputational damage.

Who Does NIS2 Apply To?

The NIS2 Directive applies to various organizations that provide critical services to the European economy and society. These organizations are categorized into two main types: 

Essential Entities

Essential Entities typically include those in sectors like energy, transport, finance, public administration, health, digital infrastructure, water supply (drinking and wastewater), and space. These entities usually have a larger scale, with a general size threshold being 250 employees, an annual turnover of €50 million, or a balance sheet of €43 million.

Important Entities.

Important Entities, on the other hand, encompass sectors such as postal services, waste management, chemicals, research, food production, manufacturing (including medical devices and other equipment), and digital providers (like social networks, search engines, online marketplaces). For these entities, the size threshold is generally 50 employees, an annual turnover of €10 million, or a balance sheet of €10 million.

It's important to note that an entity may still be considered essential or important even if it does not meet these size criteria, especially in cases where it is the sole provider of a critical service for societal or economic activity in a Member State.

These categories are part of the EU's effort to ensure a high level of cybersecurity across its member states, addressing the growing range of digital threats and the higher dependence on digital systems in these sectors. The NIS2 Directive aims to strengthen the resilience and security of network and information systems within the EU, necessitating organizations in these sectors to be proactive in their cybersecurity measures and compliance efforts.

Who is Affected by NIS2?

The NIS2 Directive affects organizations in the EU providing crucial services in sectors like energy, transport, finance, health, digital infrastructure, water supply, space, postal services, waste management, chemicals, food production, manufacturing, and digital providers. It generally applies to larger entities, often those with over 50 employees and significant financial turnovers. The Directive aims to enhance cybersecurity across these vital sectors, ensuring resilience against digital threats. Smaller organizations may also be included if they are crucial for a Member State's functioning.

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How to Prepare for The NIS2 Directive?

To prepare for the NIS2 Directive, organizations should:

1. Assess their cybersecurity posture, identifying any gaps in current security measures.

2. Implement comprehensive risk management strategies, including policies for information security, incident handling, and crisis management.

3. Enhance business continuity plans to ensure resilience against cyber threats.

4. Focus on supply chain security, ensuring partners and suppliers adhere to similar cybersecurity standards.

5. Regularly update network and information systems security.

6. Train staff in cyber hygiene practices and establish strong access control and asset management policies.

7. Use encryption and other security technologies effectively.

8. Early preparation and proactive adoption of these measures are key to compliance and improving overall cybersecurity resilience

How to Comply with NIS2 Directive?

To comply with the NIS2 Directive:

1. Conduct a thorough risk assessment of your organization's cybersecurity measures.

2. Develop and implement robust security policies, focusing on areas like network and information system security, and data protection.

3. Establish procedures for incident handling, including detection, response, and reporting of cyber incidents.

4. Ensure business continuity and crisis management plans are in place.

5. Prioritize supply chain security to manage risks from third-party service providers.

6. Implement basic cyber hygiene practices and provide regular cybersecurity training for employees.

7. Utilize strong cryptography and encryption for data protection.

8. Regularly review and update all cybersecurity measures to stay aligned with evolving threats and compliance requirements.

It's essential to start these preparations as soon as possible to meet the compliance requirements effectively and within the set deadlines

How the NIS2 Directive Will Impact You

The NIS2 Directive will significantly impact organizations in key sectors across the EU. If you're part of such an organization, you can expect:

1. Stricter cybersecurity requirements, necessitating improved protective measures against cyber threats.

2. Enhanced incident reporting obligations, requiring faster and more detailed responses to security breaches.

3. Increased focus on risk management and business continuity planning.

4. Greater emphasis on supply chain security, ensuring your suppliers and partners also comply with robust cybersecurity standards.

5. Obligatory regular cybersecurity training for employees.

6. Potentially higher compliance costs and resource allocation for improving cybersecurity infrastructure.

7. Enhanced collaboration and information sharing with authorities and within the sector.

Overall, the Directive aims to improve resilience against cyber threats, but it also means additional responsibilities and potential changes in operational procedures for affected organizations.


The NIS2 Directive is a game-changer for organizations in key EU sectors, demanding a higher level of cybersecurity preparedness. Start planning and adapting now to ensure compliance and safeguard your organization against emerging digital threats.

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Haseeb Awan
CEO, Efani Secure Mobile

I founded Efani after being Sim Swapped 4 times. I am an experienced CEO with a demonstrated history of working in the crypto and cybersecurity industry. I provide Secure Mobile Service for influential people to protect them against SIM Swaps, eavesdropping, location tracking, and other mobile security threats. I've been covered in New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Mashable, Hulu, Nasdaq, Netflix, Techcrunch, Coindesk, etc. Contact me at 855-55-EFANI or haseebawan@efani.com for a confidential assessment to see if we're the right fit!

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