What is Cybercrime? How to Protect Yourself From Cybercrimes

Haseeb Awan
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April 10, 2023
Modified On
April 11, 2023


As technology advances, so do how criminals try to exploit it. Cybercrime is rising, and it's essential to understand the threat and take measures to protect yourself. In this article, we'll cover the types of cybercrime, how to prevent it, cybersecurity measures to protect yourself, detection techniques, common scams, the role of technology, cybercrime laws and penalties, and cybercrime insurance.

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What is Cybercrime?

Cybercrime is any criminal activity using a computer, network, or the internet. It can range from simple email scams to sophisticated hacking attempts. Cybercriminals target individuals, businesses, and even governments, intending to steal sensitive information, disrupt services, or cause harm.

The most frequent type of cybercrime is phishing. It is when criminals create fake emails, websites, or social media accounts to trick people into giving away personal information. They may pose as a trusted company or organization, and the email or website may look legitimate. Once they have your information, they can use it for fraud or identity theft.

Another type of cybercrime is malware. This malicious software is designed to harm your computer or steal your information. Cybercriminals can spread it through email attachments, infected websites, or social media messages. Once installed, the malware can give the attacker access to your computer, steal your passwords, or even use your computer to attack other systems.

Cybercrime Statistics

The threat of cybercrime is continuously increasing. It's no longer just an issue for large corporations and governments; individuals and small businesses are now equally vulnerable. Cybercrime relates to any criminal activity that involves a computer or network device. It includes hacking, phishing, malware attacks, identity theft, etc. The impact of cybercrime is massive, costing businesses and individuals billions of dollars each year. One of the biggest challenges in combatting cybercrime is the constantly growing nature of the threat. Cybercriminals are constantly seeking new ways to exploit vulnerabilities in technology and networks. That makes it essential for individuals and businesses to stay up-to-date on the latest security measures and best practices.

  • According to recent cybercrime statistics, the number of cyber-attacks has risen dramatically over the past few years. In 2020 alone, over 4.8 million cybercrime-related complaints get filed with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in the United States. That represents a 50% increase from the previous year. The most common types of cybercrime reported were identity theft, online scams, and phishing attacks.
  • It's not just individuals who are affected by cybercrime but businesses. Small businesses are particularly vulnerable, with 43% of cyber attacks targeting them. The cost of a cyber attack for a small business can be devastating, with the average cost of a data breach reaching $3.86 million.
  • As per the report by Cybersecurity Ventures, cybercrime is anticipated to cost the world $6 trillion annually by 2021. That's a staggering amount of money, and it's only worsening. In addition to the financial impact, cybercrime can also have devastating effects on individuals and businesses alike. For example, in 2019, the FBI's Internet Crime Complaint Center received nearly 500,000 complaints of suspected Internet crime, with reported losses exceeding $3.5 billion. It includes business email compromise scams, tech support fraud, and online extortion.
  • The most frequent type of cybercrime is phishing. It involves sending fraudulent emails or messages that seem to be from a legal source, such as a government agency or a bank. The objective is to trick the recipient into providing sensitive info, such as their login credentials or credit card number. According to a report by Verizon, 32% of all data breaches involve phishing.
  • Another type of cybercrime is ransomware, which involves encrypting a victim's files and demanding payment for the decryption key. In 2019, ransomware attacks increased by 41% compared to the previous year, according to a report by Cybersecurity Ventures.

Cybercrime is a serious and growing threat that affects individuals and businesses alike. The statistics are alarming, but some preventive measures can reduce the risk and mitigate the damage caused by cyber-attacks. It's essential to stay informed and vigilant to protect yourself and your business from the devastating effects of cybercrime.

Types of Cybercrime

Cybercriminals are seeking new and creative techniques to exploit technology for their gain, and it's essential to comprehend the different types of cybercrime. From identity theft to online fraud, the consequences of cybercrime can be devastating for individuals and businesses alike.

There are many types of cybercrime, and criminals are constantly developing new ways to exploit technology. The following are the most usual types of cybercrime:

Identity Theft

One of the most common types of cybercrime is identity theft. That occurs when a criminal steals someone's personal information, such as their name, address, and social security number, and uses it for fraud. It can include opening credit accounts, taking out loans, and filing false tax returns. Protecting your personal information through strong passwords, secure online practices, and credit report monitoring is essential.


Ransomware is another type of cybercrime that has gained notoriety in recent years. That occurs when a criminal gains access to a computer system and encrypts the data, demanding a ransom payment for the decryption key. It can devastate businesses, resulting in the loss of critical data and disruption of operations. It's essential to have robust cybersecurity measures to prevent ransomware attacks, such as regular data backups and robust firewalls.


Cyberstalking is another type of cybercrime that can have severe consequences for victims. That occurs when a criminal uses the internet or other electronic means to intimidate, harass, or stalk someone. It can include sending threatening messages, posting personal information online, and even physically stalking the victim. It's essential to report cyberstalking to law enforcement immediately and take steps to protect your personal information online.


Hacking is another common cybercrime involving gaining unauthorized access to a computer or network. Hackers can use this access to steal data, install malware, and attack other systems. It's crucial to have strong security measures, such as firewalls and regular software updates, to prevent hacking attempts.

Online Fraud

online fraud is a broad category that includes various scams and schemes. It can include phishing emails, fake websites, and fraudulent online purchases. It's essential to be cautious when sharing sensitive information online and to verify the genuineness of any website or email before providing sensitive information.

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Cybercrime Prevention, Protection, and Detection Tips

How to Prevent Cybercrime

Preventing cybercrime starts with being aware of the risks and taking aggressive measures to safeguard yourself. Following are some tips to help you prevent cybercrime:

  • Enable two-factor authentication and use strong passwords whenever possible. That will make it much more challenging for cyberpunks to access your accounts, even if they manage to predict your password.
  • Keeping your software and operating system updated with the latest security patches is crucial. It will help to patch any vulnerabilities that cybercriminals may try to exploit.
  • It would help if you were wary of unsolicited emails, especially those that ask for personal information. These could be phishing attempts, where cybercriminals trick you into disclosing sensitive information, such as your credit card details or login credentials. Also, avoid downloading files and clicking on links from unknown sources, as they could include malware that can corrupt your computer or steal your data.
  • Using a reputable antivirus program and keeping it up to date is another critical step in preventing cybercrime. Antivirus software can help to detect and remove malware, which is often used by cybercriminals to gain access to your PC or steal your data.
  • Finally, it is essential to back up your important files regularly. It ensures you can access your critical data even if your computer is compromised. You can use cloud storage services, external hard drives, or USB drives for backup purposes.

These simple steps can significantly reduce your risk of falling victim to cybercrime.

Cybersecurity Measures to Protect Yourself from Cybercrime

In addition to the basic steps outlined above, there are several other cybersecurity measures that you can take to protect yourself from cybercrime. These include:

  • One such measure is using a virtual private network (VPN) when accessing the internet from public Wi-Fi networks. Public Wi-Fi networks, like those in airports or coffee shops, are often unsecured and can leave your personal information vulnerable to cybercriminals. Using a VPN, your online activity is encrypted, and your IP address is hidden, making it much more challenging for hackers to intercept your data.
  • Another effective cybersecurity measure is using a password manager to generate and store strong passwords. Weak credentials are one of the most common techniques by that cybercriminals gain access to personal accounts and sensitive information. A password manager can generate complex passwords that are difficult to guess and store them securely so you don't have to remember them.
  • Another critical cybersecurity measure is encrypting sensitive data, such as financial information or personal documents. It involves converting your data into a code that can only get deciphered with a specific key or password. If your device is stolen or hacked, encrypted data is much more difficult to access and can help protect you from identity theft or financial fraud.
  • Using a firewall to block unauthorized access to your computer or network is also an effective cybersecurity measure. Firewalls are a barrier between the internet and your computer, monitoring incoming and outgoing traffic and blocking suspicious activity. That can help prevent malware or other malicious programs from infecting your device.
  • Finally, it's crucial to be cautious when sharing personal information. Cybercriminals can use social engineering tactics like phishing or scamming to trick you into giving away your personal information. Always be skeptical of unsolicited requests for personal information, and never give out sensitive information unless you're sure it's necessary and legitimate.

By taking these additional measures, you can further protect yourself from cybercrime.

Cybercrime Detection Techniques

Even with the best precluding measures in place, it's still possible to fall victim to cybercrime. That's why it's essential to know how to detect cybercrime when it happens. Here are some standard detection techniques:

  • One of the most common techniques is monitoring your credit card and bank statements for unauthorized transactions. You should check your statements regularly to ensure that there are no transactions that you did not make. Contact your credit card company or bank immediately if you notice any unauthorized transactions.
  • Another technique to detect cybercrime is checking your credit report regularly for suspicious activity. Your credit report contains a detailed history of your credit accounts and payment history. By checking your credit report, you can detect any questionable activity, such as new accounts opened in your name or unauthorized inquiries on your credit report. If you notice any questionable activity, report it to the credit bureau and take appropriate action.
  • Running antivirus scans and malware removal tools is another effective technique to detect cybercrime. Antivirus software can detect and remove malware, spyware, viruses, and other malicious programs that can compromise your computer's security. Regular scans can help you identify any suspicious activity and prevent cybercrime before it happens.
  • Being alert for any unexpected changes to your computer, such as new programs or files, can also help you detect cybercrime. Hackers may install malicious software on your computer without your knowledge, which can compromise your data and cause damage to your system. If you notice any unexpected changes, you should investigate them immediately and take appropriate action.

By detecting cybercrime early, you can minimize the damage and take steps to prevent it from happening again.

The Role of Technology in Preventing and Detecting Cybercrime

Technology plays a crucial role in both preventing and detecting cybercrime. There are several advanced cybersecurity tools and techniques that you can use to protect against cybercrime, such as:

  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning: You can use these technologies to identify and block suspicious activity on a network.
  • Blockchain: You can use this technology to create secure, tamper-proof records of transactions.
  • Biometrics: You can use this technology to verify the identity of users, making it harder for cybercriminals to impersonate someone else.

By leveraging these advanced technologies, businesses and individuals can significantly enhance their cybersecurity posture.

Cybercrime Scams, Laws, and Penalties

Common Cybercrime Scams to be Aware Of

Cybercriminals are always coming up with new scams to trick individuals into sharing away their personal information or money. Following are some common scams to be aware of:

  • Phishing emails are from a legitimate company or organization but are fake. They may ask you to click on a link or provide personal information.
  • Tech support scams: these are scams where someone calls you claiming to be from a tech support company and asks for access to your computer. They may install malware or steal your personal information.
  • Lottery scams: these are scams where you receive an email or letter claiming that you have won a heavy amount of money in a lottery. They may ask you to pay a fee or provide personal information to claim your prize.

By being aware of these frauds, you can avoid falling victim to them.

Cybercrime Laws and Penalties

Cybercrime is a serious offense, and strict laws are in place to punish those who engage in it. In the United States, cybercrime gets prosecuted under the CFAA (Computer Fraud and Abuse Act), which makes it illegal to access a computer or network without authorization. Penalties for cybercrime can include fines, imprisonment, and restitution.

Cybercrime Insurance

In addition to prevention and detection measures, cybercrime insurance can provide additional protection against cybercrime. This type of insurance can assist in covering the costs of a cyber attack, such as data recovery, legal fees, and public relations expenses.

Conclusion: Staying Safe in the Digital Age

Cybercrime is a complex and ever-evolving threat, but following the tips and techniques outlined in this article can significantly reduce your risk of falling victim to it. Remember to stay vigilant, use strong passwords, keep your software up to date, and be cautious when sharing personal information online. You can stay safe in the digital age by taking these simple steps.

Haseeb Awan
CEO, Efani Secure Mobile

I founded Efani after being Sim Swapped 4 times. I am an experienced CEO with a demonstrated history of working in the crypto and cybersecurity industry. I provide Secure Mobile Service for influential people to protect them against SIM Swaps, eavesdropping, location tracking, and other mobile security threats. I've been covered in New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Mashable, Hulu, Nasdaq, Netflix, Techcrunch, Coindesk, etc. Contact me at 855-55-EFANI or haseebawan@efani.com for a confidential assessment to see if we're the right fit!

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